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The Most Common Skin Conditions and How to Deal with Them

As your body’s largest organ, your skin has a number of roles to keep your health and wellbeing in check. The skin protects against germs, enables touch sensations, and regulates your body temperature. It holds body fluids in to prevent dehydration and essentially, holds everything together.

Regardless of how much you look after your skin, there are certain conditions that can take hold. Some skin conditions are temporary, whereas others are permanent. Here we will explore some of the most common of them all, and how to treat skin conditions.

Atopic Eczema

Atopic eczema (atopic dermatitis) is the most common kind of eczema. This skin condition causes the skin to become dry, cracked, and itchy. Atopic eczema is more prevalent in children. However, it can develop for the first time during adulthood. Treatments for atopic eczema include emollients and steroid creams. You are more at risk of getting atopic eczema if you have any allergies or have loved ones with conditions such as hay fever or asthma. You can learn more about atopic eczema from Patient. They have a guide that explains this skin condition further, and what steps you can take to relieve symptoms.

Dry Skin

When your skin loses hydration and moisture, this can cause it to dry out. You may find you have flaky, scaly, or rough patches of skin that can become sore and bothersome. Where your dry skin is located can differ from person to person. Dry skin is a common condition that affects all age groups. You can talk to a dermatologist who can treat dry skin, meaning you won’t have to worry about any embarrassment or discomfort for any longer. If you get dry skin occasionally, there are certain lifestyle and home remedies to try out. These include moisturising your skin daily, using a humidifier, washing your face gently twice a day, and sticking with warm water when showering or bathing.

Psoriasis

Many people regard psoriasis as a cosmetic problem. However, this skin condition can cause itching and the affected area may be tender to the touch. Psoriasis causes flaky patches of skin. They can form grey or silvery-white scales. Mild psoriasis can be treated with ointments and creams. If these don’t work, you may need stronger medication or light treatment. It’s thought that psoriasis is caused by a problem with the immune system, which can cause skin cells to multiply much more rapidly than normal.

Acne

Acne is a common skin condition that affects most individuals at some point in their life. The tell-tale signs of acne include spots on the chest, back, or face. Your skin may appear oily, or you may find it painful or hot to touch. Acne can normally be treated with gels and creams purchased from a pharmacy. However, if you have severe acne, you may need to see your GP. They can prescribe antibiotics or stronger medication. There are different types of acne that you need to know about. These include acne vulgaris, papules, whiteheads, and blackheads. There are at-home remedies that may relieve acne symptoms. These include using a gentle cleanser to wash affected areas and protecting your skin from the sun.

Shingles

Shingles is an infection that can cause a painful rash. This skin condition is caused by the same virus that causes chickenpox. While anyone can get shingles, it’s more prevalent in older people. The main symptoms to look out for in shingles includes blotchy, painful rashes on one side of the body. Shingles normally affect the skin. Although, it can affect the eyes too. You can see your doctor who can prescribe medicine to speed up the recovery process from shingles, as long as it’s taken within 3 days of symptoms beginning. You may find solace in taking paracetamol, wearing loose-fitting clothing, and keeping the rash dry to lower the risk of infection.

Hives

Hives is a raised, itchy rash normally caused by a reaction to things like pollen, food, chemicals, or insect bites. Common symptoms of hives include a raised rash that is very itchy. The rash can look red but may not be as noticeable on black or brown skin. If you are experiencing mild hives, there are certain things you can do which may relieve symptoms. These include taking a comfortably cool bath, applying a cold compress, and purchasing antihistamines from a pharmacy. If you find doing any of these provides no relief, you should see your doctor. They may prescribe steroids or stronger antihistamines.

Contact Dermatitis

Contact dermatitis is a form of eczema that’s triggered by contact with a particular substance. Treatment starts by establishing the source of the allergic reaction. This skin condition can cause your skin to become blistered, inflamed, thickened, and dry. Lighter skin can become red, whereas darker skin can turn purple, dark brown, or grey. Such symptoms can develop anywhere on the body. However, the face and hands tend to be the most affected areas. If your skin is inflamed and sore, your doctor may prescribe a topical corticosteroid that can be applied directly to the skin. This should quickly reduce inflammation.

Rosacea

Rosacea is a common skin condition. This can cause flushing or blushing and visible blood vessels in your face. You may also experience small, pus-filled bumps too. These symptoms can flare up for weeks to months at a time, then disappear for a while. While rosacea cannot be cured, you can get treatment from your doctor to help manage symptoms. Rosacea can get worse if you do not seek treatment. You may be prescribed gels or creams on prescription that can be applied to the skin. Alternatively, antibiotics may help. Some people opt for IPL (intense pulsed light) treatment. However, this isn’t available on the NHS.

Cold Sores

Cold sores are painful blisters or lumps on the face. They are caused by the herpes simplex virus. When you get this virus, it will stay in your skin for the rest of your life. A cold sore normally begins with an itching, burning, or tingling feeling. Over several days, you may find a painful blister or lump appears on your face. There are treatments you can use for cold sores. These include cold sore patches that you can purchase from a pharmacy or antiviral creams. Alternatively, you can speak to a dermatologist who can provide further advice and help reduce the rate of occurrence.

Vitiligo

Vitiligo is a common, long-term skin condition. This causes pale white patches to appear on the skin. Vitiligo is caused by a lack of melanin, which is the pigment in the skin. This skin condition can affect any skin area. Although, it’s more common on the hands, neck, face, and in skin creases. There are various treatments for vitiligo. These include topical corticosteroids, camouflage creams, and other kinds of depigmentation. There is no cure for vitiligo. However, treatments can help even out skin tone.

If you have any of the skin conditions above and have found your confidence has taken a hit, there are options available to you. Speaking to a dermatologist should be your first step. They are experts in all things skin and treat an array of conditions. Learning about different skin conditions and what to look out for can help when it comes to getting diagnosed and receiving the right treatment.

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