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Different Types of Bedbugs and How to Get Rid of Them

Here is an interesting fact: there’re around 90 species of bed bugs in the world. But, don’t worry, only a few show interest in humans. Bed bugs have been a headache for humans since old times, and still, there’s no end to this problem. These bugs have spread across the globe, including your home.

Bed bugs are a serious issue everywhere, however, you can get rid of them by calling the experts. And it is best to do the procedure during the daytime as it is easier to search and identify bed bugs.

Before you read the types, you must know how to identify them. Pests like ants, flies, cockroaches, and centipedes are common in households. But bed bugs are difficult to see via naked eyes and hide in hard-to-find places. However, you can always take the help of a magnifying glass.

Identification guide






Mahogany/dark brown


Cream to colorless








When unfed

When fed


flat and oval

Swollen and elongated

Legs 6
Antennae Yes

When you look at the types, there are a total of 9 varieties you could encounter in your life. They are the most dangerous ones out of all the species.

The list below will help you understand the bed bugs and their behaviors.

Common/household bed bug (Cimex lectularius)

As the name suggests, it is one of the most common types in the world. It first appeared in the US during the 1990s, i.e., at the peak of migration from Asia and Europe.

It’s brown, has the size of an apple seed, is flat, and oval at the end and pointed at the other. It sucks blood like mosquitoes and can enter your home through crevices and cracks.

Tropical bed bugs (Cimex hemipterus)

This one is very much like the common bed bug, and the main difference is the place where they thrive. You can find them in tropical/subtropical regions, and they are endemic near the equator. If you find them anywhere in your household, you must get rid of them immediately. And you must do that during the day as it will be easier to identify and eliminate them.

Eastern bed bugs (Cimex Adjunctus, Leptocimex Boueti)

Unlike common and tropical bed bugs, they feed on the bat. They look the same as the common bed bugs but only feed on insectivorous bats. These bugs live in caves to latch on the bats when they sleep.

But, are they dangerous to humans? Yes, that’s why they are still called bed bugs. These bugs enter into the households with the bats via the attics/chimneys/windows. And they get into your mattress, couch, and other places.

Swallow bugs (Oeciacus Vicarius and Hirundinis)

The bugs do not feed on human blood, but they belong to the same bug family as the rest of the list.

They got the name swallow as they feed on the swallows. Swallow bugs, bed bugs, and bat bugs are among the five species of a family of bloodsucking bugs in Colorado State.

Colorado bed bug (Hesperocimex Coloradensis)

Found on the West Coast up to the Midwest. They look like common bugs and usually feed on bats, birds, and wild animals.

Mexican chicken bugs or Poultry bugs (Haematosiphon Inodora)

These bugs look like bed bugs but they feed on chicken. It might cost you a fortune if they cause health issues to the chickens in your poultry.

Chimney Swift bugs (Cimexopsis Nyctalis)

They look like bed bugs and usually feed on birds. But, they sometimes do bite humans too.

Ornithocoris Pallidus and Ornithocoris Toledoi

Another bed bug that feeds on birds, especially martins. They do feed on chickens too.

Primicimex Cavernis and Bucimex Chilensis

These bugs are bigger than bed bugs and have spider-like legs. They are usually found in Central and South America and feed on bats.

Now the crucial question. How do we get rid of the bugs?

There are various types of pests that one should be careful about, and bed bugs are one of those. As the saying goes, ‘prevention is better than cure.’ But, there’s no foolproof way to prevent bug infestation; hence, the following tips will help you.


Take a look at the beginning of this post and see if the bugs show the same character or not.

Keep calm and observe

Panicking and throwing everything out is not a good solution. You need to observe and recognize the places where the bugs are hiding.

Do not rush and buy insecticides and spray them everywhere. You might need expert advice. Or, you can always call the pest control agency.

Organize and replace

If you have small hiding places at your home, the bed bugs and other pests will occupy that space. Declutter and organize the entire household to prevent this problem.

Clean beddings

It doesn’t include only the dusting part. You need to wash, warm, and dry clean it regularly.

Heat is your ally

Bed bugs will die at 113℉. But, you need to keep the house at that temperature for an extended period—you might need a professional for this job.


Bed bugs may seem like a minor issue, but if you leave this issue unattended, it might cost you a fortune. It is necessary to remove these bugs as soon as possible.

Again, hiring a professional for the task could be the best way to deal with this issue. You can try some DIY techniques, but sometimes later, the infestation might get out of control. Hence hiring a professional agency might be the best option.



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