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Types Of Pests That You Should Be Careful Of When You See Them At Home

There are about 900 million species of insects in the world, and that only counts the known ones. While many people associate bugs and insects with tropical locations, urban environments are ideal for the growth and survival of many different species and an ecosystem in which they thrive. Moreover, urban settings provide additional pests to contend with, such as rats and cockroaches. To that end, what are some problems you should watch for that cause severe damage to your house if left unchecked?


Termites are eusocial insects found in many parts of the world. They cause millions of dollars worth of damage to buildings and structures as they eat the wood in them. Termites are generally not a problem in the wild, but they become a real problem for humans when they end up eating the wood of your house. Furthermore, they don’t just eat wood but also eat electrical wiring and insulation. They damage the structure of the house by eating away at it and leaving no structural support. If left unchecked, they can cause severe structural problems. If you have never seen them before, you may be wondering what do termites look like? Well, they are incredibly tiny, measuring only around 2 millimeters long when they’re fully grown but with a 4-meter wingspan. They build their nests using a mixture of mud and soil, differentiating themselves from other insects. 

Bed Bugs

Bed bugs are night crawlers that feed on human blood. They are most commonly found in bedding, mattresses, and upholstered furniture, where they will crawl into hidden spaces in search of food. They are a serious issue because they are almost impossible to get rid of once you have an infestation. While there are ways to destroy them, they often involve having your entire house fumigated, leaving you without a place to stay until the job is completed. There are methods to kill them yourself, such as putting pillows and comforters in a bag and leaving them in the sun. However, this is only effective on the infestation you know of, and these critters are experts at jumping from place to place. Therefore, even if you manage to destroy one colony, you might discover another popping up the following week.

Bees/ Wasps

Bees are beneficial to the earth’s ecosystem, which makes it even more challenging when you find a nest in your home. Nevertheless, you need to remove the nest as it will only grow larger in time. The best way to do this is to hire a professional who has experience removing these kinds of nests. Often, they will subdue the bees and then locate the queen. Once the queen is safely secured, they lure the other bees into an alternate nest and take it away to somewhere safe. If you are sure you have a bee infestation, you should take as much care as possible to ensure you don’t destroy them.

On the other hand, wasps are far more of a nuisance and can even be potentially deadly if you are allergic to them. If you see one in your house or garden, you should hire an exterminator to get rid of it as soon as possible. When it comes to removing a wasp nest, you should never attempt it yourself unless you have specific knowledge of what you are doing. If disturbed, they tend to swarm around their victims and don’t stop stinging until they deem the threat to their nest has gone. 



Rats are one of the worst pests that you can have inside your home. The first thing to know about rats is that they are extremely dangerous for humans. They cause untold damage and carry deadly diseases that can cause serious illness or even death in some cases. There are more than 100 different types of viruses carried by these animals. These include:

  • Rabies, which causes severe brain damage.
  • Hantavirus, which attacks the lungs.
  • Leptospirosis, which affects the kidneys.
  • Salmonella, which causes diarrhea and other gastrointestinal problems. 

Rats are responsible for thousands of deaths every year due to food poisoning from eating contaminated meat products. This means that even if you aren’t allergic to any particular type of virus, you could still become ill after being exposed to one of these pathogens through contact with infected rats.


Cockroaches are one of the most hated pests in the world. They infest every continent except Antarctica and are often found near waste. Among the most frequent pests in homes are cockroaches because they feed on food and spread disease-causing bacteria. They are attracted to dark areas like kitchens and bathrooms where food is stored or wet areas where water sources like sinks and toilets are found. The best way to get rid of these bugs is through pesticides and extermination, which should always be done with professional help.


Fleas are small blood-sucking insects, which can cause a lot of problems for pets and humans alike. They have been found to carry several infectious diseases, including:

  • Bubonic plague
  • Typhus
  • Tularemia
  • Murine typhus

They also spread parasites that may cause disease in humans. 


This might not be an issue for those living in temperate climates, but they are more than a mere nuisance in most parts of the world. Mosquitoes are among the most efficient carriers of malaria, dengue fever, and the West Nile virus. Additionally, new diseases can mutate efficiently inside them, as demonstrated by the Zika virus a few years back. Their ability to lay their eggs in shallow waters makes them very difficult to eradicate and a challenge from city authorities to keep in check. In reality, the best way to ensure yourself a mosquito-free house is to practice good prevention measures. This means removing anything that collects water for them to lay their eggs and keep your home clean and tidy. Leave them with no place to go, and they’ll leave you alone for the most part.

Certain pests can be very destructive, especially to your home, and can even cause serious health problems for you and your family. When it comes to the pets listed on this post, the best cure is often prevention. Keeping your home and yard tidy will increase your chances of being left alone.

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